Variantos bez augiem šī sakarība bija arī būtiska, bet bez krasi izteiktām atšėirībām 5. Thatcompetition has been delayed and restructured but it's notover," Muilenburg said. But weâd like to see David go out and have a bang-up game, make a couple of big plays for us, and give us what we hope and feel heâs capable of â a couple of dynamic plays and some athletic plays that not everybody can do. Penney Co Inc, where Pershing has been invested for nearly three years, mounting an unsuccessful campaign to make the retailer appeal to a more upscale audience. Instead he faces a mandatory sentence of life in prison.
At first, plant fibers are being isolated in a process without chemicals. They are later used as heat insulation, a filling agent for fibrous materials with fire- and insulating properties as wool from glass- or mineral fibers. At the same time, proteins are separated and are sold as a fodder for animals.
Vegetal juice, containing predominantly sugars, remains for energetic use. These sugars are fermented at 35 ºC to biogas. From 1 t grass mass it is possible to gain kg fibers, kg proteins, kwh electric current, kwh heat and kwh of energy in the form of biogas for introduction into the gas-distribution system.
The plant shall already in the second year of operation bring economical profit Janzig, Building units of modern anaerobic digestion and fast pyrolysis of grass mass in the LFA region should, besides enhancing the development of bioenergetics and chemical industry, create a basis for a more distant perspective of our energetics the generation of electricity in fuel cells Šurovský, As a basic fuel there is hydrogen, which can be gained by the transformation of natural gas, biogas and gases from gasification and the fast pyrolysis of the grass mass.
A fuel cell changes directly the chemical energy of a fuel to an electric one, without reciprocating or rotation motions, without limitation of efficiency by Carnot s cycle. It is spoken about so-called hydrogen energetics. Dynamic fat loss twin falls cells have practically no emissions and e. Conclusions The goal-directed cropping of energetic plants and the use of waste grass mass from meadows and pastures will provide raw material for the energetic and chemical industries.
It will enable the fulfilling of obligations of the CR in relation to use renewable energy resources.
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It will support the development of the processing chemical industry. It will create work opportunities for the inhabitants and the development of rural regions in the LFA. Andersen, M. Industrial Crops and Products, 11, Bridgwater, A. Volume 2.
Actualite Chimique 12, Dermirbas, A. Energy Sources, 24, Graf, W. Plant Soil Environ. Utility Patent Kolář, L. Utility Patent Kudrna, K. Prague, CZ, Kužel, S. In: FITE a. The 3 rd International conference Waste management. About alteration of land 8, par. Ministry of Agriculture of the CR. Manabe, S. Asakuno, K. Environmental Pollution 75, Schulz, H. Holzberger, A. In: Usťak S. In: Using of energetic resources for department of agriculture and nutrition.
Soil and acid ratio The extracted selenium amount was measured using atomic absorption spectrometer with graphite furnace Aanalyst Determined average selenium concentration was within a range of 0, mg kg Selenium concentration tends to be higher in the regions with higher average annual precipitation level up to mm and higher han average annual temperatures.
Long-lasting 30 years NPK fertilisation resulted in a increased accumulation of selenium in the soil, while after the 8 year-long NPK fertilisation only a tendency of selenium concentration increase was recorded. Higher selenium concentration was determined in light texture soils with higher concentration of potassium and ph value within the range of 5,0.
Key words: Fertilisation, potassium, precipitation, selenium, soil. Introduction Wide scale research on selenium concentration in soil, plants and other objects was started last in the century. In the beginning the selenium issue was viewed only from the toxicity point, and then it was found, that selenium impedes liver necrosis in rats Swarz et all.
Research on selenium concentration in soil was started even later. Till now selenium concentration in Lithuanian soils was studied very little. Researchers have not yet come to a unanimous opinion concerning selenium concentration dependence on soil physical and agrochemical properties. Dudka ascertained a positive relation between selenium concentration and the volume of clay particles in soil Dudka German researchers noticed that bioavailability of selenium increases together with increasing ph value Muller et all.
No relation was found between humus amount in soil and selenium concentration Regional Office for Europe, On the other hand plants accumulate different concentrations of selenium in the same conditions Kabata-Pendias, Selenium concentration is not the same in separate layers of different Indian soils top layer of low salinity soil contains more selenium than the deeper layers Sharma, Selenium deficiency is observed in European non-chernozem zone despite the fact dynamic fat loss twin falls selenium concentration in rocks and soil is sufficient Ermakov, Selenium content in soil is studied in many countries dealing with selenium related problems.
Researchers attempt to decrease selenium accumulation in plants in countries with selenium rich soils, and to increase it, if selenium content in soils is too little Amweg, The aim of our study is to determine selenium concentration in soils and to assess selenium relation to soil agrochemical properties as well as to climatic factors. The grouping of testing results was based on these characteristics. Soil samples were taken from the plough layer in fields of long-lasting 30 years fertilisation experiment in Sk miai light loam sandy soil, Combisol, CMg-n-w-cap and 8 years-long fertilisation experiment in Kriūkai silty loam brown soil.
Soil sampling was conducted in accordance with the requirements of standard ISO Soil samples were brought to air-dry condition by drying at C with active ventilation ISO. Selenium was extracted by boiling the soil sample in concentrated HNO 3 in closed system for 2 hours. After boiling the solution was diluted with analytical water. Determination of selenium in extraction was conducted using atomic absorption spectrometry with graphite furnace AanalystEDL lamp.
Wave length ,7 nanomicrons, atomising temperature C. Palladium and magnesium nitrate were used as modifiers for the elimination of systemic errors originating from matrix interferences Huang, Fujii, The amount of plant available phosphorus and potassium in the soil were determined using the Egner-Riehm-Domingo method Egner, Riehm, Domingo, The average annual temperature and precipitation data was taken from regional meteorological stations. Mean standard deviation s is presented in tables and the text, sx - standard error of the mean.
The correlative regressive relation was calculated using the Statistica programme. Results Soil secondary reference substances of different properties were used in the selenium concentration determination process in order to ensure the testing quality. Relative indefinition was less when selenium concentration in the soil was higher.
The distribution of soils dynamic fat loss twin falls to selenium concentration in Lithuanian regions was different Table 1. Table 1. Selenium concentration diversity in separate counties is different. The annual precipitation rate in separate Lithuanian regions is different Figure 1. The relation of selenium concentration in the soil under the influence of annual air temperature is stronger than with precipitation.
Selenium concentration is higher in the regions with higher average annual temperature Figure 1. Selenium concentrations in the soil based on precipitation and average annual temperature Soil samples for the determination of selenium concentration were taken from the combisol CMg-n-w-cap fields of the long-term 30 years fertilisation experiment in Sk miai. The Kriūkai experiment eight years in duration is located on silty loam brown soil. The lowest selenium concentration was in the soil samples taken unfertilized plot.
Selenium concentration increase was caused predominantly by nitrogen fertilisation ammonium nitrate Figure 2.
Long-lasting fertilisation effect on selenium amount in soils of Sk miai and Kriūkai fields, ±sx Soils were grouped according to phosphorus content, texture and acidity in order to determine a relation between the soils richness in phosphorus and selenium concentration. No relation between the soil richness in phosphorus and selenium concentration was found.
Soil samples were also grouped according to available from plants potassium content.
The following relation was determined: acid ph up to 5,0 light texture soils, containing larger amounts of potassium available from plants, contain higher concentrations of selenium as well Table 2. This influences the volumes of selenium brought to the soil by rais-fall and leached into deeper soil layers.
The calculation of selenium concentration the relation to the average annual precipitation rate revealed a trend: selenium concentration is higher in regions with a higher annual precipitation rate, and where the average annual precipitation rate is more than mm, selenium concentration in soil tends to decrease Figure 1.
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Higher air temperature increases water evaporation from the soil and decreases the amount of water getting into the deeper soil layers. We assume that less selenium is leached in these regions.
There is no data available on the amounts of selenium deposited in the soil by precipitation. According to the average calculations for the whole planet, annual precipitation brings about µg selenium per 1 m 2, and about µg of selenium is released from the soil into the atmosphere Haygart at all.
Thus precipitation deposited selenium accumulation in soil is possible in zones, where selenium concentration in fall is higher. The mineral fertilisation effect was a trend of selenium concentration increase. Selenium concentration increase was highest in plots fertilised with the full NPK fertiliser complex. Other researchers have also noticed the technogenic accumulation of selenium caused by the application of phosphorus and potassium fertilisers.
Nakamuruafter having conducted some experiments in Japan, states that phosphate fertilisation decreases the sorption of selenium by the soil. Thus selenium might be leached into deeper layers. We assume that the opposite effect of phosphorus fertilisers was hidden by dynamic fat loss twin falls in interaction with other fertilisers. On the other hand, selenium deficiency is observed in Europe despite the fact that selenium concentration in mother rock is sufficient Ermakov, Borovska noticed, that significant selenium concentration increase in cm soil layer is observed after organic fertilisation.
Significantly higher selenium concentrations were determined in two types of soils, containing larger amounts of plant available potassium: light texture, ph 5,0 and heavy texture, ph higher than 6,0. This finding matches the testing results of soil samples taken from long-term fertilisation experiments more selenium was found in the soils of NPK fertilised plots. The selenium concentration difference was 0, mg kg -1 when the soil richness in potassium values 70 mg kg -1 and mg kg -1 were compared.
Selenium concentration in soils located closer to the Baltic Sea Klaip da County tends to be somewhat higher.
Conclusions Selenium concentrations in the soils of Lithuanian regions were within the range of 0,±0,±0, mg kg Selenium concentration in soil tends to increase in the regions with higher annual precipitation level up to mm and higher average annual temperature. Long-term mineral NPK fertilisation is the tauku degļi visa pārtika of selenium accumulation in the soil. The tendncy for selenium concentration increase tendency was observed in the soils located closer to the Baltic Sea.
However not one of investigated factors, if taken individually, had a significant impact on selenium concentration there were only trends. Only groups of factors have a significant relation to selenium concentration in soils.
References 1. Amweg E. Aquatic Toxicology, Vol. Soil Sci. And Health and 9 th Eur. And Health Upsala, September, Rapp. Och medd Sver. Undersokn,No Edelbauer A. Boden- kultur, Vol 52, Iss 3, Egner H. Chemische Exstraktionsmethoden zur Phosphor- und Kaliumbestimmung. Ermakov V. Biogeochemical regioning problems and the biogeochemical selenium provinces in the former. USSR Biol. Trace Element Res. Jones K. Selenium and Arsenik. Part 3. Chemosphere, V 63 Iss 1, Regional office for Europe. Trends in trace elements.
Bulletin of the F. Research Network on trace elements Published by Coordination Centre. Total Environ. Indian Soc. Lai realizētu mērėi, izvirzīti uzdevumi: - noskaidrot dominējošās nezāĝu sugas; - pārstāvētās nezāĝu bioloăiskās grupas; - nezāĝu blīvumu un tā izmaiħas bioloăiskās augsekas lauku kultūraugu sējumos.
Pētījumi veikti sertificētā bioloăiskā laukā sešlauku augsekā. Augsne velēnu gleja smilšmāls, ph KCl 6. Augsekas shēma: 1. Sējumu nezāĝainības novērtēšanai veikta nezāĝu uzskaite divas reizes kultūraugu veăetācijas periodā.
Pirmo reizi agrā kultūraugu attīstības stadijā labību sējumos to cerošanas laikā izmantojot uzskaites rāmīti 0. Otro reizi pirms kultūraugu novākšanas, pēc skaita un masas metodes, vienlaikus to skaita, gab. Izmantots 0. Izmēăinājumu laukā izmantota tradicionāla augsnes apstrāde, atbilstoši kultūraugu prasībām. Triju gadu pētījumu periodā dynamic fat loss twin falls laukos konstatētas 59 nezāĝu sugas, to sortiments atbilst augsnes un audzēto kultūraugu īpatnībām.
Salīdzinot pēc nezāĝu mūža ilguma, izmēăinājumu laukos pārsvarā bija īsmūža nezāles, no kurām dominēja baltās balandas Chenopodium album L. Nevskilielā skaitā bija sastopamas parastās zvērenes Barbarea vulgarisīpaši daudzgadīgo zālaugu sējumā.
Pētījumi parādīja, ka parastās zvērenes izplatību augsekā bioloăiskās saimniekošanas sistēmā var ierobežot ar augsnes mehānisko apstrādi un mainot kultūraugus ar dažādu audzēšanas tehnoloăiju.
Šeit liela nozīme tam, ka zaĝmēslojumam audzēto kultūraugu tehnoloăija nedod iespēju nezāĝu sēklām nogatavoties, līdz ar to augsne mazāk piesārħojas ar nezāĝu sēklām un pēcaugu nezāĝainība mazāka. NezāĜu skaits augsekas laukos ir atkarīgs no kultūraugu secības augsekas posmos un no kultūraugu audzēšanas tehnoloăijas.
Abstract Field experiments were conducted during the period of at the Research and Study Farm Vecauce. The aim of the investigation was to establish the weediness dynamics of crops muskuļu masa vs tauku zudums a six-field crop rotation of an organic farming system. The field was certified as being organic. Crop rotation: 1. Conventional soil tillage was done according to the requirements of the crops.
The weeds were counted two times during the vegetation period of crops: at the early development stages of crops for instance, at the 25 26 tillering of cereals and before the crop harvesting. The composition of weed flora comprised from 59 species in the crops stands. The annual dicotyledonus were dominating groups of the weed flora. The most abundant weeds were lambsquarters Chenopodium album L.
Nevskicommon yellow rocket Barbarea vulgaris R. The number of weeds in the fields of crop rotation in the organic farming system is dependent on the cultivated crops, the succession of crops in the crop rotation links and crop cultivation technologies.
Key words Organic farming system, weediness of crops, crop rotation Introduction Products from industrial agriculture are not environmentally friendly and every year consumers are asking for more and more products of organic agriculture. Motivation for production of organic crops and consumption of organic foods include economic, food safety and environmental concerns. Organic crop production requires a high level of management to successfully culture a healthy and productive balance in the field environment, minimizing the number of weeds to the benefit of the crops seeded Delate,Bond and Grundy, Weed infestation may even increase when organic farming is continued.
In organic agriculture weeds dynamic fat loss twin falls often one of the biggest problems Albrecht, By careful management, these problems can be overcome. Effective crop rotation is absolutely critical for weed management. A well-designed crop rotation will ensure a vigorous crop and reduced competition from weeds.
In designing crop rotation for weed control the overall key to success is diversity. Lampkin, Weed population density and biomass production may be markedly reduced using crop rotation strategy Liebman and Davis, Weed control strategies can be grouped into four types improving soil conditions, rotating crops, growing smother crops and using mechanical control.
A biologically-active soil with good soil structure will improve the vigour of the crops, it help the crops shade out the weeds. To improve soil conditions, recycle organic matter like green manures. The rotation can include specific crops to control problem weeds in particular fields.
Growing a variety crops on the same field will also keep weeds off balance, because certain weeds grow best with certain crops. Clover and forage crops discourage some weeds by shading and lessen the reproductive success of others because they are cut before the seeds ripen. Same plants like rye produce natural chemical toxins which inhibit the growth of other plant species. The phenomenon is known as allelopathy and can be used to assist in weed control.
For example, rye used as an autumn cover crop can be effective in suppressing quackgrass. Inhibitory effect on weeds diminishes when rye is disked into the soil rather than left on the surface.
Oats release toxins lither as root exudate or from decaying plant materials. Autumn-planted cover crops will greatly reduce weeds in the growing season. Cover crops can be incorporated in the soil in the spring Liebman and Davis, Cool-season canopy crops are alternated with warm-season row crops which can provide more cultivation opportunities Baumann and Slembrouck, Potatoes were traditionally regarded as a cleaning crop.
They are grown in ridges on wide rows and in odder to facilitate weed control through tillage. Vetch-oat mix is a smother crop that grows rapidly and forms a dense canopy and slows the establishment of needs.
Smother crops improve weed control by shading them out. Most mechanical weed control methods should be used early in the season, when weeds are just sprouting. Weed harrowing before and after crop emergence is used widely in arable crops.
Hance and Holly, The aim of the investigation was to establish the weediness dynamics in crops in six-field crop rotation in organic farming. The field is certified as being organic. Soil properties: sod gley-soil, loam; organic matter content - 26 g kg -1, ph KCl The conventional soil tillage was done according to the requirements of the crops.
Weed harrowing after the emergence of oats and at the tillering of triticale. The field of potatoes was harrowed and ridged. Weed population density and phytomass production were determined. Weed assessments were done two times during the vegetation period of crops: first time during the early development stages of crops for instance, at the tillering of cereals and the second time - before harvesting.
The first assaying was done using a 0. In the second assay the fresh weight of weeds was measured. Results and discussion The composition of the weed flora dynamic fat loss twin falls comprised of 59 species in the crops fields. The annual dicotyledonus were the dominati groups of the weed flora. The most abundant weeds were lambsquarters, sheperd s purse Capsella bursa-pastoris L. In the crop rotation every crop does something different and each of them provides some advantage.
The green mass of the catch crops included in the crop rotation, such as red clover and timothy mix, rye, oil radish, is rich in nitrogen and is a good substrate for the propagation of soil microflora. The increased soil biological activity influenced the humus amount that improves the soil structure and fertility Maiksteniene, Arlauskiene, It dynamic fat loss twin falls improve the vigour of crops and gets a good start and forms a dense canopy.
It can usually compete successfully with weeds during the growing season. The triticale as a canopy crop, vetch-oat mix as a smother crop, the potato as a cleaning crop were included in crop rotation experiments and were found to boost weed control.
In the potato fields weeds werfe not observed during in the three years of the crop rotation period. Results showed that weed density was higher in the second year of crop rotation, less in the third year.
They can also be influenced by meteorological conditions. The year kazas tauku deglis extremely hot and dry. In the next year in catch crops the number of this weed was reduced remarkably in rye, but in the second catch crop - oil radish quackgrass was not established. Thereby we can be agree with other researchers, that crop rotation reduces weed density and maintains species diversity, thus preventing the domination by a few problem weeds Doucet et all.
The problem weeds in the investigated crop rotation organic farming system are quackgrass and common yellow rocket. Therefore the weed s phytomass was investigated. The phytomass of weeds is given as fresh weight that was investigated before the crop s harvesting.
The results are represented in the Table 3. There were not sygnificant differnces among the crop rotation links. Conclusions The number of weeds in the fields of crop rotation in organic farming systems is dependent on cultivated crops, the succession of crops in the crop rotation links and crop cultivation technologies. We agree with opinion of researchers who indicated that weed infestation is the major crop protection problem in organic farming systems, and the development of weed management strategies requires detailed information on weed population dynamics.
Therefore, long term research is necessary to analyse this problem accurately. The investigations will be continued at least up to the end of a rotation period. Albrecht H. Weed Research, 45, Baumann D. Weed Research, 40 4Bond W. Weed Research 41 5Delate K. HortTechnology, 12 3Doucet C. Weed Science, 47 631 7. Kurstjens D.
Farming Press Books. Ipswich, U. Weed Research, 40, Maiksteniene S. Blackwell Scientific Publications. British Crop Protection Council. Observations were made at the stage of 2 till 3 leaves of spring barley, at the end of tillering, at the stem elongation stage 2 till 3 node stageas well as before harvesting. Soil penetration resistance and moisture was determined till 50 cm deep.
Yield and its structure elements were determined with sample sheafs from 0. It was established that in areas sown with spring barley soil moisture losses from topsoil and also from subsoil besauce of the plants transpiration promoting soil penetration resistance increase dynamic fat loss twin falls in the conditions of and Essential differences in soil penetration resistance in plant root action zones were established when compared with observation points without plants in the development stage of spring barley after tillering.
It means that plants with their own root action restrict the placement dynamic fat loss twin falls of roots. Key words Spring barley, soil moisture, soil penetration resistance, yield formation Ievads Latvijā jau iepriekšējos gados ir veikti pētījumi par augsnes apstrādes pasākumu optimizēšanas iespējām, lietojot augsnes pretestības mērījumus ar GPS noteiktos stacionāros punktos ziemas kviešu sējumos Lapins, Vilde, Berzins, et.
Konstatētas būtiskas augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības rādītāju atšėirības sezonās. Viens no augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības izmaħu cēloħiem bija nokrišħu daudzums un augsnes mitrums. Pētījumu mērėis bija pārbaudīt hipotēzi par auga sakħu sistēmas iedarbību uz augsnes penetrometrisko pretestību un skaidrot sakarības starp augsnes mitrumu, pretestību un sakārtas blīvumu.
Meteoroloăiskie apstākĝi abos gados bija atšėirīgi: Vidējā diennakts gaisa temperatūra un g. Pēc novērojumu izpildes vasaras miežu lapu fāzē sējumos tika izveidota 3 m plata josla bez augiem, lietojot Raundapu 1 L ha 1. Sējumā lietota vienāda agrotehnika, ievērots vienīgās atšėirības princips.
Kā ražu ietekmējošie faktori pētīti: penetrometriskā pretestība augsnes slāħos līdz 50 cm dziĝumam, nosakot to labību vienu divu lapu fāzē, cerošanas fāzes beigās. Vienlaicīgi nokrita no svara zuduma vagona penetrometrisko pretestību noteica augsnes mitrumu aramkārtā un zem tās ar Eijkelkamp Agrisearch Equipment aparatūru: augsnes penetrometru un mitruma mērītāju.
Sakārtas blīvumu aramkārtā noteica ar firmas Eijkelkamp cilindriem, kuru augstums bija 5 cm ,4 Precipitations, mm ,2 20, ,6 27, ,6 24,3 71,April May June July August September October November Long-term Months 2. Būtiska mitruma atšėirība konstatēta miežu vienu divu lapu attīstības fāzē 3. Būtisks un izteikti pazemināts augsnes mitrums zem aramkārtas vasaras miežu sējumos konstatēts augusta mēneša sākumā 3.
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Augsnes mitruma izmaiħas stacionāros novērojumu punktos vasaras miežu sējumos un augsnē bez augiem Figure 3. Changes of soil moisture in stationary observations points in spring barley sowing and without plants in kpa cm cm cm cm cm in sowing without plants in sowing without plants Variants, depth and time of the comparison 4. Augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības izmaiħas vasaras miežu sējumā un augsnē bez augiem aramkārtā līdz 20 cm Figure 4.
Changes of soil penetration resistance in spring barley sowing and in soil without plants in topsoil till 20 cm in Izteikti krass un būtisks augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības palielinājums vasaras miežu sējumā konstatēts pirms ražas novākšanas cm dziĝumā.
Variantos bez augiem šī sakarība bija arī būtiska, bet bez krasi izteiktām atšėirībām 5. Augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības izmaiħas vasaras miežu sējumā un augsnē bez augiem zem aramkārtā līdz 50 cm Figure 5. Changes of soil penetration resistance in spring barley sowing and in soil without plants in subsoil till 50 cm in Pētījumu rezultāti SakĦu sistēmas darbības rezultātā miežu sējumos mitruma saturs būtiski samazinājies arī cm dziĝumā 6.
Augsnes mitruma salīdzinājums stacionāros novērojumu punktos vasaras miežu sējumos un dynamic fat loss twin falls bez augiem Figure 6. Soil moisture comparison in stationary observation points in spring barley sowing and in soil without plants in Konstatēts, ka augsnes penetrometriskā pretestība Tajā pašā laikā augsnes penetrometriskā pretestība stacionārajos novērojumu punktos bez augiem nepārsniedza kpa cm -2 7.
Augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības izmaiħas vasaras miežu sējumā Figure 7. Soil penetration resistance changes in spring barley sowing in Augsnes penetrometriskās pretestības un mitruma sakarību analīze Ĝāva secināt, ka palielinātam augsnes mitrumam atbilst pazemināta augsnes penetrometriskā pretestība 8.
Augsnes mitrums un pretestība vidēji g. Figure 8. Lai izslēgtu vienas faktoriālās pazīmes mitruma ietekmes uz ražu atšėirībām, izmantoja parciālo lineāro korelāciju aprēėinus.
Rezultāti liecināja, ka atsevišėos eksperimentu gados lineāro sakarību ciešumi bija atšėirīgi, kas skaidrojams ar nokrišħu daudzumu un augsnes mitrumu. Palielināta augsnes mitruma atšėirību ietekme uz ražu bija konstatēta Ja Augsnes mitruma ietekmes uz miežu ražu izmaiħu raksturojums ar parciālo lineāro korelāciju koeficientu palīdzību R x 1 x 3 x 2, izslēdzot augsnes pretestības, x 2, ietekmi.
Transfigure [v 0.52]
Figure Vairāk piemērota pielietojamā augšħu apstākĝu izpētē ir penetrometriskās pretestības pētījumi, kas nodrošina lielāku mērījumu skaitu un līdz ar to arī iespēju iegūt rezultātus ar augstāku ticamības pakāpi.
Secinājumi un Tiger Beat magazine, an influential teen music magazine, began publishing in Both Sherman and Cassidy were actors on television and chart topping musicians in the pop-rock category at the time; with David Cassidy in particular enjoying immense international fame and success. Sherman was on hit TV shows Shindig! Musical series such as Cassidy's The Partridge Family, the animated series The Archie Show, and to a lesser extent The Brady Bunch integrated television and teen-pop music to significant success during this time frame.
Musicians the Hudson Brothers were on many teen magazine covers for a number of years as teen idols. They had two shows on TV during the 's and recorded many albums. One of the features of many teen idols is that their fans and, in some cases, the musicians themselves tend to develop a distaste for the music once they became adults, and it is not much listened to by adults, except for nostalgia: the legacy of bubblegum pop.
Even modern classic hits and oldies outlets, which cover novājēšanas sinhronizācijas saraksts time period, rarely play cuts from the teen idols of the era. A notable exception is Michael Jackson of the Jackson Five, dynamic fat loss twin falls began his career as a teen idol along with his brothers, but whose individual career eventually evolved far beyond the limitations of that description and into super-stardom.
Transfigure [v 0.52]
The Jackson Dynamic fat loss twin falls were the first African-American music group to become national teen idols, appearing alongside white idols in magazines such as 16 and Tiger Beat. In the mid's there was a group of young actors called the Brat Pack; the whole group collectively and separately became teen idols. They starred in many coming-of-age films.
The film that would help invent and popularize the genre was Francis Ford Coppola's coming-of-age drama film The Outsiderswhich starred C. The movie would receive critical acclaim, and would also become a box office success, and later a cult classic. They were dubbed "the two Coreys". Actor River Phoenix during his teen years became a teen idol during the later part of the s.
Phoenix's work encompassed 24 films and television appearances, and his rise to fame led to his status as a "teen idol". On October 31,Phoenix collapsed and died of drug-induced cardiac arrest on the sidewalk outside the West Hollywood nightclub The Viper Room at the age of Australian-American singer Rick Springfield was regarded as teen idol fromafter releasing his solo début single "Speak to the Sky".
His career matured over the next two decades with more hit songs. He gained further fame as a television series actor. In the 's, Puerto Rican boy band Menudo, caused a sensation in Latin America, nicknamed Menudomania that became compared to the Beatles' Beatlemania. Also painted with the Beatlemania brush was British pop group Duran Duran. Dubbed "the Fab Five", this group is recognized as pioneers in the then relatively new area of music video, that started with the Monkees in the 's.
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